Here we will discuss Symptoms of pneumonia and its treatment, Causes & Prevention. People in all countries of the world including Bangladesh suffer from pneumonia. However, children and adults have the highest risk of pneumonia. Symptoms of pneumonia need to be known. If the symptoms are known, they can be cured through proper treatment. Treatment, Causes & Prevention is essential if pneumonia symptoms appear. Since children and adults are at higher risk for pneumonia, they need special care. Most of the children who die of pneumonia in the world suffer from malnutrition. The main cause of pneumonia is bacteria or viruses. These bacteria or viruses enter the body through the airways. If the body has high immunity then it cannot harm. However, if the immune system is low, various diseases occur in the body.
An organization called Stop Pneumonia is working worldwide to prevent pneumonia. Pneumonia is the single leading cause of death in adults and children, the agency said. In 2019, 25 million people died of pneumonia, including 6.72 million children. By 2020, the number of deaths due to corona has risen to more than 20 million.
The infant mortality rate due to pneumonia in Bangladesh
According to Stop Pneumonia 2017 data, 46 percent of children who die of pneumonia in Bangladesh are malnourished. In addition, 30 percent of households had fuel pollution and 26 percent had premature babies. And in 2018, 13 percent of children died of pneumonia. Between 2000 and 2018, the average annual death rate in pneumonia decreased by 8 percent.
What are the Symptoms of pneumonia and its treatment, Causes & Prevention?
Pneumonia is the leading cause of death among children under five in the country
Every year 24,000 children under the age of five die of pneumonia in the country. 13 percent of these deaths are due to lack of oxygen when needed. The disease is the cause of 45 percent of child deaths in hospitals. Experts said this at a roundtable meeting at the Department of Health on 12 November 2021. The meeting was jointly organized by the Department of Health, UNICEF, and Save the Children.
The event was attended by top officials of the Department of Health, pediatricians, public health experts, representatives of UNICEF and World Health Organization, and representatives of the international non-governmental organization Save the Children. At the beginning of the program, the pneumonia situation in the country and what the government is doing, the Department of Health, Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Program Manager.
Muhammad Shariful Islam. He said pneumonia was the leading cause of death among children under five in the country. One of the major problems in the treatment of pneumonia in the country is that the disease is not detected at the beginning.
Children and the elderly have a higher risk of pneumonia
However, people of any age are infected with the pneumonia virus. However, people over the age of 60 and children under the age of 2 are more affected by this disease. Also, those who have a weakened immune system, have respiratory or heart problems, or have had surgery, are undergoing chemotherapy, or have AIDS, are more likely to develop the disease.
Symptoms of pneumonia and its treatment, Causes & Prevention
According to experts, the main cause of pneumonia is bacteria or viruses. Fungi and Aspiration are also the causes of Pneumonia. Bacteria travel through the nose and mouth through the airways to the lungs. If the body’s immune system is strong, these bacteria can have no effect on the body. If the immune system is weakened, these bacteria can grip the body. These bacteria then affect only one or two lungs. That is why the main cause of pneumonia in the body is bacteria.
Symptoms of pneumonia
It is good to know the symptoms of pneumonia. Because it can quickly go to the doctor. If you know that you have symptoms of pneumonia, you must consult a doctor. Proper treatment at the right time can prevent any disease.
Here are the Major Symptoms of Pneumonia
- Excessive fever
- Chest pain
- Nausea or vomiting
- Having difficulty breathing
- Fatigue and weakness
- Coughing and coughing.
It is important to follow some health rules to prevent pneumonia. Proper hygiene can prevent many diseases. For this, everyone has to follow the hygiene rules. And it protects not only from pneumonia but also from other diseases. Regularly wearing a mask and keeping hands and face clean is a part of hygiene.
- Keep clean
- Wash hands regularly
- Use handkerchief for cough and sneeze
- Feeding the baby vitamin A with the advice of a doctor
- Keep the home environment clean
- Reduce domestic air pollution
- Pure drinking water
- Toilet facilities
- The use of masks
- Do regular yoga and exercise
- Maintaining social distance
- Keep children away from the crowd
- Avoiding contact with the sick
Treatment of common pneumonia is possible at home. For this, along with proper medicine, one should eat plenty of liquid food and rest completely. Pneumonia is severe, hospitalization is required.
Pediatrician Dr. Shahnaz Islami said that in case of excessive fever, cold, shortness of breath, and chest pain, a doctor should be consulted. The doctor will prescribe the medicine after seeing the condition of the patient through various tests. And will advise. There are several vaccines available to prevent pneumonia and the flu, and the risk of contracting the disease can be avoided by taking them. However, it should be taken on the advice of a doctor. Also, it is important to stay smoke-free.
Proper treatment of any disease is required. There is also a proper treatment for pneumonia. And for this, we need specialist doctors. Pneumonia can be cured through proper treatment by a specialist. The mortality rate will be reduced. So if pneumonia symptoms appear, take treatment, stay healthy.
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